I have always been interested in science. But as a child, I was primarily interested in the medical sciences. My father was a doctor. I spent a lot of time in hospitals, worked in his office, worked in laboratories, and thought I would go to medical school. I was always involved in science courses, science projects for kids, summer science.
But in college, I had a second love. I was interested in literature and writing. I tried to balance both science and writing in college, but discovered I was having a lot more fun in literature and writing. I enjoyed writing of all types; journalism, creative writing, you name it. I was writing for the newspaper, and became feature editor. So although I kept taking science throughout college, I ended up majoring in English and thought that perhaps I would become a science writer.
When I graduated from college, I tried being a science writer for a little while. I wrote for some local papers and trade magazines, but I couldn’t pay the bills. So I took a job as a technician working in a physiology laboratory at the Columbia University medical school. I worked for a wonderful man. He allowed me to join the laboratory on various field research projects, including studying a monkey colony in Puerto Rico. I took part in everything in the laboratory; writing proposals, doing the experiments, writing up the results and presenting them at meetings. I was an author and a first author on the two papers published during my time there.
I learned that I absolutely loved the life of research. I became less and less interested in continuing in medical research for a variety of reasons. Part of it had to do with experimenting with animals, which I know is a necessary part of medical research. Then I just happened to meet a group of geologists. I had never taken a geology course as an undergraduate. But to me it seemed like the most wonderful life because not only did you get to do science, you got to travel. Geology is one of those sciences where if you have a good background in math and physics and chemistry and biology, you can pick it up relatively quickly. It really just takes knowing the basics and applying it to geological examples.
Working at the medical school, I got tuition credits to take courses at Columbia. So I took courses in geology and made up about half of the undergraduate major. I then applied to graduate school and was accepted just about everywhere I applied, including Columbia where I ended up going. I was probably one of the most unusual applications they had ever seen. I submitted reprints on ocular physiology.
During my three years as a technician, I had really honed my laboratory skills. So I went into geochemistry because I had skills in that.
I worked with a guy named Charlie Langmuir at Columbia. We produced a lot of really good papers that really put my name out there. So when I graduated, I had a number of job and postdoc offers. But I was 33. I had gotten married to a geologist and really wanted to have kids right away and didn’t want to take the route of getting a postdoc then moving again. I was really looking for a faculty position. I also felt strongly that I wanted to teach undergraduates. I thought I would be really good at it. I was therefore ecstatic when Duke offered me a faculty job. One day I was at Lamont depositing my thesis, and three days later I was teaching here at Duke.
It would have been easier to get my research program going if I had the luxury of doing a postdoc. Somehow it all worked out though. I have good support here at Duke, and good support from a patient husband, and two great kids. I had my son Jeremy the year after I arrived here and my daughter Alexis a few years later, all in the pre-tenure years. And somehow it all worked out.
Particularly in the early years of your career it’s necessary to be out there in the community, to travel, to give talks, to travel to conferences, to really build up your standing in the community. So when you have a family that you are also trying to nurture, there’s always an inevitable push-pull between the amount of time you spend at work and on the road and the time you need to be home caring for your family. All I can say is that I tried very hard to limit the invitations I accepted, but I had to have a very supportive home life to do what I needed to do and be out there and be an active member of the community. It takes a certain amount of support in that regard from your immediate and extended family. When I would go away to sea, it was a big production. My parents would come for a while, my husband’s parents would come for a while. It involved quite an effort at home when the kids were younger.
I love teaching undergraduates. They are open to ideas. They question. They think things through. They want to be exposed to things they have never done before. There is nothing I like better than taking students who have never been out in the field and asking them to look at the world through new eyes, to trek through the mud when they have never done it before. All of those things are thrilling to me.
I’m also the director of undergraduate studies for the earth and ocean science and environment majors. I love advising the students and figuring out the paths they want to take in their lives. Not all of them will become earth or environmental scientists. But a significant proportion will. And it’s really thrilling to see them go off and do interesting exciting things.
I’m also co-chair of the Baldwin Scholars Program, which is a leadership development program for undergraduate women at Duke. I have a particular interest in helping undergraduate women who are interested in science. We all know that women become discouraged and drop out of the sciences at basically every level every year. I have a particular goal of trying to help students through what can be challenging times.
Every time we go out to sea, there are surprises. I have never had a cruise where there wasn’t an extraordinary surprise that turned on its ear what I was expecting. Maybe I have been lucky in that regard or maybe that is typical. I’m not sure. But that has always come to pass. So once again I am looking forward to something I don’t anticipate that will lead us on some new and interesting direction to explain the earth and how it works. That’s what excites me about the research.
About teaching. I think geology is evolving and now encompasses a spectrum of issues that range from pure geologic science to environmental science. Increasingly I find that students are particularly interested in seeing the potential societal impact of the earth processes they are studying. Making that transition from thinking of geochemistry as strictly studying the ocean floor, to thinking about ways that geochemistry impacts climate change and other environmental threats, is something that many of us in basic earth sciences are starting to spend more time trying to get a handle on. There will always be an aspect of science that is basic science without any direct societal impact. But increasingly we are trying to make those connections to how the science affects our environment and the world around us.
I would say that despite all that we know about the oceans, it remains an exciting world of discovery. One can feel a bit of what it must feel like for explorers of previous centuries, venturing into the unknown
I read a great deal. For a while (several years) I only read histories about great explorations—Shackleton, Cook, the Apollo missions. I also am a New York Times crossword puzzle addict. I must do the puzzle everyday, except Monday which is too easy!
Emily M. Klein
- Professor of Geology and Geochemistry
- Duke University
More about Emily
More Remarkable Careers
- Rose Dufour
- Ship Scheduler and Clearance Officer, Ship Operations and Marine Technical Support
Rose Dufour and her job-share partner Elizabeth Brenner create the schedules for four research ships. The challenge is to keep the scientists, funding agencies, and foreign governments happy.
- Maya Tolstoy
- Research Scientist, Geophysics
Marine seismologist Maya Tolstoy helps find active volcanoes on the seafloor by listening for their eruptions.
- Dawn Wright
- Associate Scientist, Geography/Marine Geology
Master Lego-constructor and former bicycle-racer Dawn Wright has immersed herself in two disciplines. As a geologist, she is studying the cracks that form in the seafloor along the mid-ocean ridge. As a geographer, she is developing software that oceanographers are using to interpret seafloor data.
- Ashanti Pyrtle
- Assistant Professor, Aquatic Science
Ashanti Pyrtle studies the fate of radioactive material that enters rivers, lakes, and oceans. She also advises minority science students on how to navigate through graduate school and prepare for a career afterwards.
- Margaret Leinen
- Assistant Director for Geosciences
As a scientist, Margaret Leinen studied sediments that have accumulated on the ocean floor. Now as the Assistant Director of Geosciences at the National Science Foundation, she oversees programs in Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean, and Environmental Sciences. She is also working on initiatives to bring more women and minorities into these fields.
- Jo Griffith
- Principal Illustrator, Scientific and Oceanographic Data
Technical illustrator Jo Griffith hasn’t picked up a pen in over five years. Instead she uses a variety of computer programs to create graphs, maps, and illustrations for researchers.
- Debby Ramsey
- Third Engineer, Marine Crew
As Third Engineer onboard the Research Vessel Thomas G. Thompson, Debby Ramsey helps keep all of the equipment that has moving parts running smoothly.
- Kathryn Kelly
- Professor (Affiliate), Physical Oceanography
Kathryn Kelly studies how changing ocean currents affect the climate. And she does all of her research from the comfort of her office.
- Kathryn Gillis
- Professor, Earth and Ocean Sciences
Kathryn Gillis dives to rifts in the seafloor that are as deep as six kilometers to learn about the processes taking place within the ocean crust.
- Amy Bower
- Associate Scientist, Physical Oceanography
Amy studies the interactions between ocean currents and climate. These interactions are very complex.
- Lauren Mullineaux
- Senior Scientist, Marine Biology
Lauren Mullineaux’s research group studies a side of benthic organisms (animals that live on the seafloor) that until recently has received little attention.
- Claudia Benitez-Nelson
- Assistant Professor, Chemical Oceanography
Claudia Benitez-Nelson uses radioactive isotopes to study the complex world of nutrient cycling in the oceans.
- Wen-lu Zhu
- Associate Scientist, Geology and Geophysics
Wen-lu Zhu studies the properties of rocks found deep in the ocean crust by recreating those conditions in the laboratory.
- Melanie Holland
- Faculty Research Associate, Microbial Ecology
Melanie Holland studies the microbes that thrive in scalding temperatures surrounding hydrothermal vents. These amazing organisms not only reveal important information about the vent communities, they may also provide insights into the origin of life on Earth and the possible existence of life on other planets.